SDL_mixer: Import an stb_vorbis fix from upstream PR/1487:

From 1a4851841c081e02a408630d45db842959df547d Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Ozkan Sezer <[EMAIL REDACTED]>
Date: Fri, 16 Jun 2023 04:23:40 +0300
Subject: [PATCH] Import an stb_vorbis fix from upstream PR/1487:

Patch by Alice Rowan (@AliceLR): https://github.com/nothings/stb/pull/1487

Fix residue classdata bounding for f->temp_memory_required.

Updates `start_decoder`'s calculation of `f->temp_memory_required`
to more accurately reflect the required size of the `part_classdata`
array in `decode_residue`.

In `decode_residue`, the value `actual_size` is derived from the
variable `n`, which is sourced from the variable `n2` in
`vorbis_decode_packet_rest`. `n2` is equal to one of the blocksizes
divided by 2 (of which `f->blocksize_1` will always be the greater
value). For residue type 2, `decode_residue` multiplies its copy of
`n` by 2 (back to the original blocksize).

The faulty bounding in `start_decoder` unconditionally divides
`f->blocksize_1` by 2, even for residue type 2. This patch corrects
the bounding to use the full `f->blocksize_1` for residue type 2.

This bug *may* have implications for anything using the alloc
buffer feature, but I don't have an input that would cause this
(the setup requires a much larger temp buffer than `decode_residue`).
I found this bug via a heap corruption crash while fuzzing libxmp,
which uses a work buffer derived from `f->temp_memory_required`
instead of `alloca`. The `alloca` doesn't use `f->temp_memory_required`,
so it does NOT have this bug.
---
 src/codecs/stb_vorbis/stb_vorbis.h | 3 ++-
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/src/codecs/stb_vorbis/stb_vorbis.h b/src/codecs/stb_vorbis/stb_vorbis.h
index 45c5b09f..fb3388f3 100644
--- a/src/codecs/stb_vorbis/stb_vorbis.h
+++ b/src/codecs/stb_vorbis/stb_vorbis.h
@@ -4265,7 +4265,8 @@ static int start_decoder(vorb *f)
       int i,max_part_read=0;
       for (i=0; i < f->residue_count; ++i) {
          Residue *r = f->residue_config + i;
-         unsigned int actual_size = f->blocksize_1 / 2;
+         unsigned int rtype = f->residue_types[i];
+         unsigned int actual_size = rtype == 2 ? f->blocksize_1 : f->blocksize_1 / 2;
          unsigned int limit_r_begin = r->begin < actual_size ? r->begin : actual_size;
          unsigned int limit_r_end   = r->end   < actual_size ? r->end   : actual_size;
          int n_read = limit_r_end - limit_r_begin;